The Conformity Assessment for Televisions, through Ordinance no. 633/2014, becomes effective in October 1, 2017 and requires attention from manufacturers and importers mainly in relation to Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) tests.
The INMETRO Ordinance no. 563 of December 23, 2014, and its complementary, establishes the criteria of Conformity Assessment for Televisions, with the purpose of preventing accidents and reducing energy consumption, providing more for sustainability and safety.
The Requirements apply to televisions with cathode ray tubes, plasma screens, LCD panels, LED panels and Monitors with a television function that have an internal radio frequency tuner.
Excluded from these requirements are devices that are larger than 65 inches and smaller than 13 inches, as well as PC-type microcomputers with an integrated monitor that incorporate an internal all-in-one radio tuner.
Firstly, it is important to clarify that the adequacy of the televisions does not require a Certification, conducted by an OCP (Product Certification Body), but rather a Registration with INMETRO.
On the other hand, the manufacturer / importer needs to hire a laboratory to conduct the essential tests and send required documentation to INMETRO by the Orchestra system, without the need to involve third parties.
10/01/2017 – As of October 1, 2017 televisions must be manufactured and imported only in accordance with the Requirements now approved and duly registered with Inmetro.
04/01/2018 – As of April 1, 2018 televisions should be marketed in the Brazilian market by manufacturers and importers, only in accordance with the Requirements hereby approved and duly registered with Inmetro. In other words, manufacturers / importers will be able to sell only registered TVs to the retail market.
10/01/2018 – As of October 1, 2018 televisions should be marketed in the Brazilian market only in accordance with the Requirements hereby approved and duly registered with Inmetro. That is, retail has until September 30, 2017 to zero the inventory of televisions that do not have the registry, and then to offer consumers only devices that are in agreement.
The conformity assessment allows the televisions to be framed as a family, according to the following premises:
- Products manufactured in the same factory unit;
- Equipment intended for the same function and with the same constructive characteristics
- Televisions with the same technologies (plasma, LCD and LED).
Technical testing requirements are established by Ordinance No. 427 (RTQ), and divided into three groups:
- Performance: Ordinance 427 itself describes the test methods;
- Safety: The tests are performed based on the ABNT NBR IEC 60065: 2009
- EMC (Electromagnetic Compatibility): The tests are based on CISPR 32
The tests will always be performed in the most complete model, which is characterized by having the largest number of communication interfaces and functionalities.
- Communication interfaces include HDMI, USB, video inputs, Wi-Fi, audio, among others.
- It is considered functionalities the command of voice and interactivity with the user.
The time required for testing varies according to the number of samples sent for testing, but the average time is 4 weeks.
THE NEED FOR ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY TESTING
Electromagnetic compatibility may at first appear to be a complex term, but it is associated with some effects that are part of our everyday life, and which are generally known, due to the fact that any electronic and / or electric apparatus generate noises.
Such tests are fundamental because they aim at the safety of televisions in order to ensure that their equipment can function satisfactorily in their electromagnetic environment without introducing intolerable electromagnetic disturbance into everything in that environment.
The reference standard for the application of EMC tests to televisions is CISPR 32.
To request registration, the supplier must submit a formal request to Inmetro, presenting the documentation specified in the RGDF Products, in addition to the following documents:
- Test reports issued in accordance with the provisions of Annex C of Ordinance No. 563/2014;
- Worksheets of Technical Specifications, according to Annex D of Ordinance No. 563/2014;
- National Energy Conservation Label – ENCE, by model, according to Annex A of Ordinance No. 563/2014;
- The extract of Energy Efficiency table.
Registration is valid for 24 months from the date of issue.
The identification of the conformity is made through the seal ENCE – National Label of Conservation of Energy.
The Registry Maintenance includes the analysis of the documents, and must obey the following deadlines:
- a) 1st Cycle of Registry Maintenance: 8 months after the initial granting of registration;
- b) 2nd cycle of Registry Maintenance: 16 months after the initial granting of registration;
- c) 3rd cycle of Registry Maintenance – Registry Renewal: 24 months after the initial grant of registration.
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